The so-called "Manufacturer Definition" is defined in §13a AWG (Austrian Waste Management Act). In the context of this law, manufacturer includes not only producers but also importers and the owners of brandnames.
Companies who have their headquarters abroad are also subject to obligations. More details are available here.
In addition, if you sell equipment from Austria in other EU Member States, you are also subject to the terms of the Austrian law. In this case, you must also obey the EU Member States' valid regulations with regard to dealing with waste electrical equipment and batteries.
Foreign manufacturers (which includes retailers in the eyes of the law) must participate in a recognised system in Austria for their household electrical equipment when the equipment is sold through "distance selling", including mail-order or online retailers, and delivered to consumers in Austria.
Such foreign mail-order or online retailers must also designate an "Authorised Representative" in Austria.
ERA and the ARA Service Group take over both of these things for you - a recognised collection system and an Authorised Representative - contact us and we will be pleased to answer any questions you may have:
Tel. +43 1 595 2636 555
No - quite the opposite - in Austria, manufacturers and retailers are not allowed to show the costs of collection and treatment of electrical and electronic equipment from private households to the consumer.
When you procure electrical or electronic equipment for the operation of your company, you must transfer the equipment, at your own verifiable cost, to an authorised waste collection and waste treatment company. However, when this equipment is covered by a collection and recycling system such as ERA, you can hand in the old equipment to a collection point free of charge.
The so-called "Manufacturer Concept" is defined in §13a AWG (the Austrian Waste Management Act). In the context of this law, manufacturer includes not only producers but also importers and the owners of the brandnames.
Companies who are based abroad are also subject to obligations. You can find more details here.
In addition, if you sell equipment from Austria in other EU Member States, you are subject to the Austrian law. In this case, you must also obey the valid Member States' regulations with regard to disposal of waste electrical equipment and batteries.
(only German version available)
Consumers can also return their waste electrical equipment to retailers when they buy a new piece of equipment of a similar function/type of construction. Shops with a sales area of < 150 m² do not have to take back equipment when this is made clear through in-store notices. Batteries can always be returned to retailers even when new ones are not purchased.
In following current environmental regulations and in accordance with the latest technological developments, the recycling and disposal of waste electrical and electronic equipment must be carried out with 2 objectives: on the one hand, the amount of waste should be reduced to a minimum, and on the other, the protection of natural resources must be served because a lot electrical equipment contains valuable secondary raw materials. There are different treatment procedures for different types of electrical equipment.
For example: fridges, freezers
The treatment of cooling equipment takes place in 2 stages. In the first stage, the cooling substances of the refrigeration process are sucked out and components containing harmful substances are removed. These components receive additional specialist processing in the second stage.
Stage 1: Treatment of the refrigeration unit - draining
The cooling system is drained using a vacuum system. The cooling substances and cooling oil are sucked out using pressure in a closed system. This system removes the CFCs (chlorofluorcarbons), which damage the ozone layer, puts them into pressurised containers and destroys them in a 2000°C high-temperature oven. More modern equipment no longer uses CFCs, in which case the cooling substances are sucked out and separated.
Following drainage, the compressors, all wood and glass contents and all the components which contain harmful substances such as condensors and mercury switches, are removed and separately collected.
Stage 2: Final processing - treatment of the insulating foam
In the final processing stage, the cooling equipment is shredded into small pieces and the different materials from its housing are separated. The shredding is carried out in a closed system. This ensures that the insulating foam, which is released by the shredding process and contains environmentally harmful CFC-based insulating and foaming agents, is captured. Dust is removed from the CFC-air mixture and then it is dried and cooled before being captured in a charcoal filter. Finally, the CFCs are liquified by cooling to -35 degrees C.
This process yields iron, non-ferrous metals, plastics and polyurethane as secondary raw materials.
For example: flatscreen TVs, touchscreen TVs, computer screens
For example: MP3 players, mobile phones, electric toothbrushes, digital watches
For example: Energy-saving lamps, neon strip-lights, xenon floodlights/headlights
For example: zinc-carbon batteries, alkaline-manganese batteries, round cell batteries, nickel metal hydride batteries, nickel-cadmium accumulators
For example: starter batteries for the car industry
For example: Industrial batteries such as forklift truck batteries, accumulators which are used as auxiliary power supplies amongst other uses